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SCHEDULE – XXII
[See sub-rule (1) of rule 4] SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Illustrative)
1. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION
The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, unless otherwise stated and on the accrual method of accounting.
2. INVESTMENTS
2.1  Investments  classified  as  "long  term  investments"  are  carried  at  cost.  Provision  for  decline,  other  than temporary, is made in carrying cost of such investments.
2.2 Investments classified as "Current" are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Provision for shortfall on the value of such investments is made for each investment considered individually and not on a global basis.
2.3 Cost includes acquisition expenses like brokerage, transfer stamps.
 
3. FIXED ASSETS
3.1 Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of inward freight, duties and taxes and incidental and direct expenses related to acquisition. In respect of projects involving construction, related pre-operational expenses (including interest on loans for specific project prior to its completion), form part of the value of the assets capitalized.
3.2  Fixed  Assets  received  by  way  of  non-monetary  grants,  (other  than  towards  the  Corpus  Fund),  are capitalized at values stated, by corresponding credit to Capital Reserve.
4. DEPRECIATION
4.1 Depreciation is provided on straight-line method as per rates specified in the Income-tax Act, 1961 except depreciation on cost adjustments arising on account of conversion of foreign currency liabilities for acquisition of fixed assets, which is amortized over the residual life of the respective assets.
4.2 In respect of additions to/deductions from fixed assets during the year, depreciation is considered on pro- rata basis.
4.3 Assets consisting Rs. 5,000 or less each are fully provided.
5. MISCELLANEOUS EXPENDITURE
Deferred revenue expenditure is written off over a period of 5 years from the year it is incurred.
6. ACCOUNTING FOR SALES
Sales include excise duty and are net of sales returns, rebate and trade discount.
7. GOVERNMENT GRANTS/SUBSIDIES
7.1 Government grants of the nature of contribution towards capital cost of setting up projects are treated as Capital Reserve.
7.2 Grants in respect of specific fixed assets acquired are shown as a deduction from the cost of the related assets.
7.3 Government grants/subsidy are accounted on realization basis.
8. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS
8.1 Transactions denominated in foreign currency are accounted at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction.
8.2 Current assets, foreign currency loans and current liabilities are converted at the exchange rate prevailing as at the year end and the resultant gain/loss is adjusted to cost of fixed assets, if the foreign currency liability related to fixed assets, and in other cases is considered to revenue.
9. LEASE
Lease rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms.
10. RETIREMENT BENEFITS
10.1  Liability  towards  gratuity  payable  on  death/retirement  of  employees  is  accrued  based  on  actuarial valuation.
10.2 Provision for accumulated leave encashment benefit to the employees is accrued and computed on the assumption that employees are entitled to receive the benefit as at each year end.